The origins of the San Francisco Javier Centre for psychogeriatrics on the north-eastern edge of Pamplona date back to the 19th century. The complex was planned in the form of a symmetrical monastery, laid out about a courtyard in narrow strips with cell-like nursing spaces. This ideal plan remained incomplete, however. In the 20th century, a cross-tract, a central entrance pavilion and further cross-strips disrupted the stringency of the layout.

After a two-stage competition for the refurbishment and extension was held in 2009, little was left of the original ­clarity of the overall concept. In the meantime, the first stage of construction of the master plan drawn up by Vaillo+Irigaray has been completed and unites different goals: the removal of poor quality earlier extensions to achieve a clear urban and typological appearance; the strengthening of the original ­structure; and an intensive compaction and rehabilitation ­programme with the ­creation of many more rooms.